Dating and marriage customs in egypt
When parents are mentioned it is for purposes of identification only.
In the Ptolemaic period, when Greek and Egyptian laws existed side by side, we regularly find documents where women with Greek names are marrying with the permission of a guardian, but women with Egyptian names continued to marry on their own.
The ruling Mamluks, however, could choose brides from young women of their same ethnic background who had come to Egypt via the slave trade.
Marriage was the normal and most desirable state for Ancient Egyptians of both genders and all social classes.
The remark was meant as a comment on the low social standing of those who care for pigs, but there is the implication that parents had a choice in the matter.
Since girls usually married at a young age it is likely that they were very much influenced by their parents wishes.
They gave in out of a sense of civic responsibility and a desire to produce a legal and socially acceptable heir.
Romans expected to marry first and come to love later.
That still leaves the question, did girls need permission to get married.
Egyptian men thought very highly of women and embraced the idea of marriage and seem to have regarded love as an essential part of it.
Love poems attest to very strong feelings of affection and attraction in couples that appear to be unmarried.
In theory, at least, Ancient Greek and Roman women needed their guardians approval in order to marry. The hairdresser of Thutmosis III recorded on a statuette, now in the Louvre, that he had freed his slave and given her in marriage to his niece.
A Twentieth Dynasty woman, having adopted the three children of her female slave, accepted her younger brother as husband of one of those offspring.